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Leather Articles

Full grain leather refers to hides that have not been sanded, buffed, or snuffed (as opposed to top-grain or corrected leather) to remove imperfections (or natural marks) on the surface of the hide. The grain remains allowing the fiber strength and durability. The grain also has breathability, resulting in less moisture from prolonged contact. Rather than wearing out, it will develop a Patina over time. High quality leather furniture and footwear are often made from full-grain leather. Full-grain leathers are typically available in two finish types: aniline and semi-aniline.

 

• Top-grain leather (the most common type used in high-end leather products) is the second-highest quality. It has had the "split" layer separated away, making it thinner and more pliable than full-grain. Its surface has been sanded and a finish coat added to the surface which results in a colder, plastic feel with less breathability, and it will not develop a natural patina. It is typically less expensive and has greater resistance to stains than full-grain leather, so long as the finish remains unbroken.

 

• Corrected-grain leather is any leather that has had an artificial grain applied to its surface. The hides used to create corrected leather do not meet the standards for use in creating vegetable-tanned or aniline leather. The imperfections are corrected or sanded off, and an artificial grain impressed into the surface and dressed with stain or dyes. Most corrected-grain leather is used to make pigmented leather as the solid pigment helps hide the corrections or imperfections.

Corrected grain leathers can mainly be bought as two finish types:

semi-aniline and pigmented.

• Embossed Leather Embossed Leather usually made by applying artificial plates embossing on the leather, embossing can be done on Full Grain, Corrected Grain or on Buffed Article , its only depend on the look of an article. By applying specific Heat and pressure on embossing press, we can get the same. Now a day’s using widely in Fashion Industry.

Embossed Leather is usually accompanied on:-

Croco Embossed

Snake/ Cobra Embossed

Ostrich Embossed

Sand Plated Hair Cell Plated

Dollar print plated

Foil/ Laminate Leather:- Foil leather is usually made by applying foil on leather , different type of foil Leather are available in markets which we can use as per the requirement of article and look. By applying specific heat and pressure on Press we can get our desired article.

Patent Leather:- Now a day’s Fashion industry of Garments and Footwear along with ladies hand bags moving towards patent leather. In this Leather Specific synthetic Binders and safe clean environment is required, typical Rolling Coating machines used in the production of this article.

Split leather is leather created from the fibrous part of the hide left once the top-grain of the rawhide has been separated from the hide. During the splitting operation, the top-grain and drop split are separated. The drop split can be further split (thickness allowing) into a middle split and a flesh split. In very thick hides, the middle split can be separated into multiple layers until the thickness prevents further splitting. Split leather then has an artificial layer applied to the surface of the split and is embossed with a leather grain. Splits are also used to create suede. The strongest suedes are usually made from grain splits (that have the grain completely removed) or from the flesh split that has been shaved to the correct thickness. Suede is "fuzzy" on both sides. Manufacturers use a variety of techniques to make suede from full-grain. Reversed suede is grained leather that has been designed into the leather article with the grain facing away from the visible surface. It is not considered to be a true form of suede.